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|Biggar is a town of 2,351 residents in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada located at the junction of Saskatchewan Highways 4, 51 and 14. Saskatoon, the largest city of Saskatchewan is located 58.39 miles (94 km) east of Biggar on Highway 14. North Battleford is situated 58.63 miles (94 km) north on Highway 4. The capital city of Saskatchewan, Regina, is located 219.21 miles (353 km) southeast. Biggar was initially founded in 1907 with the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway followed by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. In 1909, Biggar was ncorporated as a village, population over 100 residents. The settlement organised its first post office April 1, 1909, the one room school house, Biggar School District #2497, the GTP round house and several businesses. The village, was named the G.T.P.R. divisional point in 1910, and the consruction of Western Canada's largest train station, which again saw an increase in the population. Biggar incorporated as a town with population over 500 and has maintained town status since 1911. The Canadian Pacific Railway touched "North Biggar" in 1911, and the land between the two railways was nearly sold out. Business lots 25 x 100 feet sold for $3,600 in 1911, and residential lots between $200 to $500 each. City status requires a population over 5,000. Biggar is located at latitude 52° 4.200' and longitude 107° 58.800' W or Township 35, Range14, west of the 3rd Meridian The town is still designated as a divisional point on the Canadian National Railway, and is also served by the Biggar municipal airport (TC LID: CJF8).|| Main Street, Biggar, Saskatchewan|
The village of Perdue and the unincorporated area of Leney are located to the east of Biggar. The unincorporated area of Palo and village of Landis are the closest settlements west. To the north is the dissolved village of Cando, and to the south are the unincorporated areas of Marriott and Valley Centre. The Rural Municipality of Biggar Number 347 has offices for the rural civic government on Second Avenue West within Biggar.
Biggar sign post marks the official location of the site of Biggar. The motto of Biggar is "New York is big, but this is Biggar". According to the town of Biggar website, the slogan is attributed to a survey crew in about the year 1909. Following a night out, the town saw the phrase written upon a sign. Instead of being a prank, the graffitti became the town slogan. Since adopting this
|The first village overseer was Arthur W. Mooney appointed in June of 1909, and the current town Mayor is Raymond Sadler officiating over the civic infrastructure services with and elected town council and town manager, R.G. (Bob Tyler). The town council also provides government to the localities of Biggar Airport, Castlewood, Loverna Junction, Lydden, Mead, and Normanton. On the provincial level, government affairs are served by the Member of the Legislative Assembly, Mr. Randy Weekes, for the Constituency of Biggar. Biggar was the former provincial district serving the area between 1912 to 1995. when it became re-formed into the Rosetown Biggar district. The area is now served again by the Biggar provincial district which was re-formed in 2002. The honourable Kelly Block is the current Member of Parliament for the Saskatoon--Rosetown--Biggar federal riding. Between 1933 and 1966, Biggar has been served by the federal riding of Rosetown--Biggar. Major James Coldwell of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation served between 1935 to 1958, Coldwell was followed by Progressive Conservative Clarence Owen Cooper until 1965 when Progressive Conservative MP Ron D. McLelland served the area. The riding of Saskatoon--Biggar formed the federal riding between 1966 to 1976 with the first election of New Democrat Party representative A.P. Gleave until 1974 when he was replaced by Progressive Conservative incumbent Ray Hnatyshyn.|
|The town of Biggar spans a land area of 15.75km2(6.1sqmi) giving it a population density of 129.1 persons per square kilometre (334/sq mi). In 2006, 47% of the population were male and of these 175 were under the age of 15. The female population of 1, 075 persons had 160 younger than 15. Of the 910 families the typical household in Biggar has 2.1 residents with a median income of $81,152. The national median income for the same year, 2005 was 76,494. Economically, the household income is mainly derived from employment in business services followed by farming and manufacturing for the men. Out of the 1,000 persons employed 47% of these are women employed mainly in other services and health care. In 2001, in comparison, 460 female workers were mostly employed in the health and education service sector bringing in average full time average earnings of $25,589 yearly. 600 men with an average annual income of $48,092 were mainly employed in business services followed by manufacturing and construction industries. Agricultural pursuits were the third highest employer of the task force during 2001.|| |
Biggar is located on the Biggar plain within the moist mixed grassland ecoregion of the Saskatchewan prairies at an elevation of 670.6 feet (204.4 m). The town experiences its coldest weather in the month of January annually where the daily average is -16.3 Celsius (2.66 ºFarenheit). The warmest month in contrast is July at an average temperature of +17.8 Celsius (64.04 º F) followed by August with similar temperatures. Biggar experienced its coldest weather extreme on February 16, 1936 breaking all previous records at -46.7 Celsius (-52.06 º F). The hottest weather extreme broke records on July 4, 1937 also during the dirty thirties when records were broken at +40 Celsius (104 º F). However the summer averages for June, July and August range between 15.7 to 18 °C (60to 64°F). Spring and autumn temperatures in the months of May and September range around11°C (52°F). April and October are a bit cooler. November to March range between -17 to -6.2 °C (1to 21°F) on average
Biggar experiences its highest average rainfall in July at 63.2 mm (2.5 inches), however the town broke rainfall records September 9, 1938 when 103.6 mm (4 in.) fell. Snowfall records were broken October 20, 1961 when 25.4 mm (77.7 in.) of snow fell here. The deepest snow depth was recorded January 27, 1999. A winter storm delivered 3inches (7.6 cm) Monday November 14, 1920 overnight breaking communication between Winnipeg and the west. Another 3inches (7.6 cm) fell overnight on Monday November 13, 1933, and gales were expected on Tuesday. In Biggar, four rail cars were tossed from a high coal dock into a freight train injuring a conductor and brakeman. An engine and two cars were totally destroyed. Highways and railways were inundated with drifts across the prairies.
Such an ecoregion and climate produces dark brown soils, and a landscape showing glacial till, and sloughs. There are aspen bluffs interspersed amongst the rolling plain providing shelter to white tail deer, mule deer, red fox and coyote. Agriculture is the pre-dominant industry, with the majority of the farmers producing cereal grains. The natural plains, utilised mainly as pasture lands, produce spear grasses and wheat grasses as the native vegetation.
See also Historic Biggar Signs a new project of Biggar Tourism promoting the history of Biggar on signs in the townsite
"Distant View of Biggar, Saskathewan". Image No. NA-1505-2. Glenbow Museum Where the World Meets the West Archives Photographs. ca 1910s. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&BU=&TN=IMAGEBAN&SN=AUTO10266&SE=1518&RN=5&MR=10&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&CS=0&XP=&RF=WebResults&EF=&DF=WebResultsDetails&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=255&ID=&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MQ=&TI=0&DT=&ST=0&IR=21837&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&BG=&FG=&QS=ArchivesPhotosSearch&OEX=ISO-8859-1&OEH=ISO-8859-1. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"Pupils at public school, Biggar, Saskatchewan". Image No. NA-2256-28. Glenbow Museum Archives Photographs. 1912. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&TN=IMAGEBAN&AC=QBE_QUERY&RF=WebResults&DL=0&RL=0&NP=255&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MR=10&QB0=AND&QF0=File+number&QI0=NA-2256-20&DF=WebResultsDetails. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"School Band, Biggar, Saskatchewan". File Number NA-2256-25. Glenbow Museum Archives Photographs. 1920. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&BU=&TN=IMAGEBAN&SN=AUTO10675&SE=1661&RN=0&MR=10&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&CS=0&XP=&RF=WebResults&EF=&DF=WebResultsDetails&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=255&ID=&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MQ=&TI=0&DT=&ST=0&IR=27013&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&BG=&FG=&QS=&OEX=ISO-8859-1&OEH=ISO-8859-1. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"First School class, Biggar, Saskatchewan". Image No. NA-2256-18. Glenbox Museum Archives Photographs. 1911. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&TN=IMAGEBAN&AC=QBE_QUERY&RF=WebResults&DL=0&RL=0&NP=255&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MR=10&QB0=AND&QF0=File+number&QI0=NA-2256-18&DF=WebResultsDetails. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"Meadowbank school, South-east of Biggar, Saskatchewan". Image No. NA-2256-26. The Glenbow Museum Archives and Photographs. 1918. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&TN=IMAGEBAN&AC=QBE_QUERY&RF=WebResults&DL=0&RL=0&NP=255&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MR=10&QB0=AND&QF0=File+number&QI0=NA-2256-26&DF=WebResultsDetails. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"Main Street, Biggar, Saskatchewan". Image No. NA-1505-4. Glenbow Museum Where the World meets the West Archives Photographs. 1914. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&TN=IMAGEBAN&AC=QBE_QUERY&RF=WebResults&DL=0&RL=0&NP=255&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MR=10&QB0=AND&QF0=File+number&QI0=NA-1505-4&DF=WebResultsDetails. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"Bird's Eye View of Biggar". Image No. NA-2870-6. Glenbow Museum Where the World Meets the West Archives Photographs. July 13 1909. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&TN=IMAGEBAN&AC=QBE_QUERY&RF=WebResults&DL=0&RL=0&NP=255&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MR=10&QB0=AND&QF0=File+number&QI0=NA-2870-6&DF=WebResultsDetails. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"Canadian National Railway station, foreground; rest rooms to right. The Biggar Hotel, left rear; Empire Hotel on right.". Image No. NA-2870-1. Glenbow Museum Where the World Meets the West - Archives Photographs. [ca. 1912-1913]. http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx?XC=/search/archivesPhotosResults.aspx&TN=IMAGEBAN&AC=QBE_QUERY&RF=WebResults&DL=0&RL=0&NP=255&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MR=10&QB0=AND&QF0=File+number&QI0=NA-2870-1&DF=WebResultsDetails. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"1996 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil/Details/details1.cfm?SEARCH=BEGINS&ID=10644&PSGC=47&SGC=4712046&DataType=1&LANG=E&Province=47&PlaceName=biggar&CMA=0&CSDNAME=Biggar&A=&TypeNameE=Town. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
"2001 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/CP01/Index.cfm?Lang=E. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
"2006 Community Profiles Census Subdivision". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. 2010-01-21. http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-591/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=471. Retrieved 2010-10-23
"Biggar, Saskatchewan". Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biggar,_Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2010-10-23. Biggar electoral district. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biggar_%28electoral_district%29. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
"Biggar, Saskatchewan". Sask Biz Community Profiles. Enterprise Saskatchewan. 2000. http://www.saskbiz.ca/communityprofiles/CommunityProfile.Asp?CommunityID=225. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
"Biggar, Saskatchewan, is a thriving town" (digitised online by Google News Archive). The Toronto World. May 24, 1911. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=cT1MAAAAIBAJ&sjid=OioDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3452,3709804&dq=biggar-saskatchewan&hl=en. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
Boake, Norman; Dyck, John; Gidluck, Cheryl; Biggar Museum & Gallery (1980). "Biggar, Saskatchewan, Canada: a pictorial history" (digitised online by Our Roots Nos Racines). Encyclopedia of Canada. p. 15. http://www.ourroots.ca/page.aspx?id=581522&qryID=6b15a2e2-a462-407f-bbad-9c12732e0d6a. Retrieved 2010-01-25
"Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000, Canada's National Climate Archive". Environment Canada. http://climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca/climate_normals/results_e.html?Province=ALL&StationName=biggar&SearchType=BeginsWith&LocateBy=Province&Proximity=25&ProximityFrom=City&StationNumber=&IDType=MSC&CityName=&ParkName=&LatitudeDegrees=&LatitudeMinutes=&LongitudeDegrees=&LongitudeMinutes=&NormalsClass=A&SelNormals=&StnId=3211&&autofwd=1. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
"Canadian Climate Normals 1961-1980 - Canada's National Climate Archive". BIGGAR, Saskatchewan Latitude:52°4' N Longitude: 107°59' W Elevation: 671 m. Environment Canada. Government of Canada. 2010-09-29. http://climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca/climate_normals/results_1961_1990_e.html?province=ALL&stationID=1363&stationName=&searchType=BeginsWith. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
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"Famous symbols of Biggar are - Town of Biggar . . ." New York is big but this is Biggar"". Town of Biggar. 2006. http://tbigg.sasktelwebhosting.com/history.html. Retrieved 2010-12-07. "
"History of Federal Ridings since 1867". Parliament of Canada. Government of Canada. http://www2.parl.gc.ca/Sites/LOP/HFER/hfer.asp?Language=E&Search=Det&rid=669&Include=. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
"Mapquest". http://www.mapquest.com/maps?1c=Regina&1s=SK&1y=CA&1l=50.448009&1g=-104.595177&1v=CITY&2c=Biggar&2s=SK&2y=CA&2l=52.06385&2g=-107.987091&2v=CITY. Retrieved 2010-10-23. National Archives, Archivia Net, Post Offices and Postmasters, http://www.collectionscanada.ca/archivianet/post-offices/001001-100.01-e.php, retrieved 2010-01-22
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"Saskatoon—Rosetown—Biggar (formerly known as Saskatoon—Rosetown)". Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saskatoon%E2%80%94Rosetown%E2%80%94Biggar. Retrieved 2010-10-23. Thorpe, J. (1999). Kai-iu Fung, Bill Barry, Wilson, Michael. ed. Natural Vegetation (Millennium edition ed.). Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan. pp.152-263. ISBN 0-88880-387-7.
"Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2006 4712046 - Biggar geographical codes and localities, 2006". Statistics Canada. 2007-01-16. http://stds.statcan.gc.ca/sgc-cgt/2006/sgcsl-cgtrl-fin-eng.asp?criteria=4712046. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
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West Storm does damage. Another 3-inch Fall of Snow Recorded Here. Gale is Predicted. Railway Cars Wrecked by Wind on Canadian Prairies.". The Border Cities Star. Nov. 14, 1933. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=8g4_AAAAIBAJ&sjid=YE4MAAAAIBAJ&pg=4136,2801927&dq=biggar-sask&hl=en. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
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